Understanding and Overcoming hyperpigmentation

By Catherine Ruffels

Hyperpigmentation what you need to understand in order to overcome it.

You know how much we want you to love yourself and this includes loving every part of your body, skin included. But sometimes, it’s just so hard to love yourself when insecurities creep in. For most people, the underlying source of insecurity is Hyperpigmentation. Research study shows that 80% of women deal with skin pigmentation at least once in their lifetime.

What do they usually do about it? First, they start buying every product they see that claims to take care of hyperpigmentation for good. Second, they experiment on Do it yourself skin treatments. In conclusion they look for cheaper alternatives. But when you sum up all the money you spent on experimenting, it will be surprising to know that you already spent so much but got the minimal result.

What should we do then? The key to solving skin problems is understanding the condition. Hyperpigmentation is a natural mechanism of the skin to protect itself from UV radiation. It is normal and beautiful, but problems occur when there is an overproduction of skin pigment or melanin in the body, which leads to skin discoloration. 

sun exposure


Sun Exposure

This is the most common trigger of skin pigmentation and the most neglected one. We tend to forget that exposure to the sun for a long period of time can cause pigmentation because it directly triggers melanin production. However, this can be avoided by religiously applying sun protection. 


This is common for people aged 40 years old and above when the skin is no longer in its optimal health. 

Inflammatory processes 

When the skin experience’s inflammation due to skin stress because of injuries, this triggers melanin overproduction.  

Photosensitizing medication

This happens when you are taking medications that cause photosensitivity. 

to show a sample of hyperpigmentation which is freckles

Genetic Tendency

When hyperpigmentation runs in your genetic makeup this can influence the severity of melanin production.

Hormonal Changes

Taking birth control treatment or hormonal replacement therapy can cause the overproduction of melanin.

Exposure to Chemicals

There are certain chemicals can cause stress to your skin in the area of exposure causing hyperpigmentation.




Melasma is the most common type of pigmentation. It appears as blotches of brown, dark brown, or even gray and is mainly found in the chin, nose, upper lips, forehead, or cheeks. This skin condition can occur at any stage of your life, even in your teens. If you develop melasma during your 20s or 30s, it could last even decades.

Triggers: Hormonal Changes, Sun Exposure, Photosentising Medication, Genetic Tendency, Exposure to Chemicals

Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation

Dark brown spots appear in areas of inflammation. Firstly the stressed part of the skin is exposed to the sun during or before the healing process ends. Secondly, the area becomes hyperpigmented, and  Thirdly the area darkens.

Triggers: Inflammatory Processes, Sun Exposure, Photosensitizing Medication, Acne

Solar Lentigo / Senile Lentigo

It appears with age and worsens with the excess sun these are characterised by brown spots with defined borders. Solar Lentigo appears for 30 years old above. Senile Lentigo appears for 50 years old and above.

Triggers: Sun exposure, Genetic Tendency, Ageing

Freckles / Ephelides

This pigmentation starts from childhood and progress on. The pigments tend to darken and increase during summer because of sun exposure. Freckles are mostly visible on the T-zone of your face but also can occur on your cheeks, forehead, neck, and shoulders

Triggers: Genetic Tendency and Sun Exposure.



Avoid popping pimples

Sometimes we develop a habit of popping bumps on our skin without even realizing it. For instance, when you are at home watching movies you get caught up in the moment you fail to realize your hand is already in your face scratching through a bump. You must resist popping pimples or prodding bumps that appear on your face because continuous picking or scratching can increase the inflammation more. Once the inflammation increases, it can go deeper into your skin over time and lead to skin discoloration.

Apply sunscreen
One of the most effective ways to prevent skin discoloration is by protecting your skin with a broad-spectrum sunscreen. Unprotected exposure to UV rays triggers melanin production, which ultimately results in dark or pigmented skin.

Although you are looking to lighten your dark spots when you have hyperpigmentation, it is also essential to keep your skin moisturised. When you look for a moisturiser, ensure that it contains some key ingredients like chronically acid or glycerin, or even retinol, to increase cell turnover. These potent ingredients will help you treat pigmentation while keeping your skin nourished and looking youthful.

But if you are already suffering from this skin condition and you want a solution, we have a very special treatment that can reduce up to 90% of skin pigmentation

What is it?

Cosmelan is considered the world’s best depigmenting treatment. An innovative treatment that lightly targets and treats unwanted pigmentation on the skin. It does this by exfoliating layers of dead skin cells that have built up over time. It also inhibits the assembly of melanin which is liable for the colour and tone of our skin.

Melanin is the main contributor to those dark spots and hyperpigmentation. By treating the source of pigment formation, Cosmelan can deliver clear, bright, and youthful-looking skin. It can also control the development of new dark spots.

The treatment has a two-phase approach; the first phase involves applying the depigmenting mask in the clinic. The second phase includes an at-home maintenance program that you must apply for 6-8 weeks to help enhance the effects of the mask. Plus, use of further supportive products for up to 6 months to maintain results.

You can see the full result after 4-6 weeks, but you can start seeing that fresh baby skin glow after just two weeks! Cosmelan gives amazing results, but it definitely requires some downtime and commitment; needless to say, it’s not for everyone.

So how do you know you are a good fit for this treatment? 

Book in for a facial with a consultation at our skin clinic. This way, we will be able to observe how your skin reacts to peels, etc. We can also do a thorough skin consultation. We’ll have a moment to talk about your skin condition, goals, expectations, treatment plan, and after-care. Then we can assess whether you’re a suitable candidate for the treatment.

What if my skin is not suitable for Cosmelan? 

Still, we encourage you to book in for a facial so we can assess you and give you the best treatment for your skin condition. We can also help you with other treatments like peels, LED light therapy, and skin needling.

If you want to read more about Cosmelan, you can check it out here at this link.

It’s time to gain that confidence. Book a facial with us, and we promise we’ll walk with you through your journey to smoother, clearer, brighter, younger-looking skin.

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